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The great dreaming paths, or Songlines mark the land boundaries created by the ancestors of the Australian Aborigine. Today, arbitrary state borders, farming fences and highways sever these sacred tracks symbolizing the dispossession of many Aboriginal people from the land. Some Dreaming paths remain intact and can be navigated by the stars. Others have been defaced through the disrespect of scared sites needed to navigate these paths.

This release was dedicated to the support and rebuilding of the Aboriginal culture so that it can be free and respected in the "modern world"

Gratitude is due to early explorers, missionaries and others who loved the aboriginal people and saw a richness in their law and tradition. Without these people, a wealth of cultural heritage would have been lost forever............................{ from the album Nomad® }


Different tribes used various instruments including boomerangs, clubs, sticks, hollow logs, drums, seed rattles and of course the didgeridoo. Hand clapping and lap/thigh slapping were common. Decorated drums were made from hollow logs and some covered with reptile skins. Large conch shells were used in the northern coastal areas.

The best known of all Aboriginal musical instruments was the didgeridoo and we explore this instrument in depth in another section. Over a large area of Australia, Aboriginal music has consisted (in many places still consists), a group singing accompanied by different kinds of idiophonic percussion. In north Queensland (area 'Y') accompaniments may consist of hand clapping only; for songs of intrusive types, such as 'island style' songs, a skin drum may be added.

On Bathurst and Melville Islands, off the north-west coast of area 'N', songs types of different kinds are accompanied by hand clapping, buttocks-slapping, or by paired sticks. In a small area of Western Australia (north area 'W' and south of area 'K') one type of non-dance song (Djabi or Taabi) is accompanied by a scraped idiophone, or rasp. North of the Northern Territory, in area 'N', where is considerable diversity in song types and sound instruments, some songs are accompanied only by stick percussion (either paired hand sticks or paired boomerang clapsticks, depending on content and ceremonial association), others are performed by voice, sticks and didjeridu.

According to information obtained from written sources and available audio-recordings, there are about thirty Australian sound instruments, or agents for producing different sounds. About 75 per cent of these occur above 20 latitude and above a line joining Broome, southwest of 'K', to Ingham, southeast of 'Y'. About 50 per cent occur below this line (fig. I). No attempt has been made as yet to reconstruct a relative chronology for Australian Aboriginal sound instruments; nor for the song types with which particular instruments are formally integrated.

Patterns of geographical distribution at least offer a starting point. Didjeridu-accompanied songs stand out clearly against a background of songs accompanied only by percussion; and the musical participation of a aerophone, within an ensemble where voice and percussion are paramount, would seem to be evidence enough for its 'superimposition', or intrusion into an older musical situation already widely established......................{ from the Aboriginal Art and Culture Centre®}




Nomad - Nomad

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Click on an underlined track to hear a RealAudio sound sample.
01. Nomad
Mountain Walk South
River Crossing
  06. Mountain Walk East
Follow The Sun
Trading Ground